HEART ATTACK, CARDIAC ARREST & HEART FAILURE are 3 DIFFERENT Heart-related Conditions!

18 July 2017_HH - BLOG

Let us see how they are different, but still interlinked with an EXAMPLE of a hypothetical person “Amrish” – a 40 year old executive & I AM HIS HEART.

He spends the best part of his Life locked up in his Air conditioned glass office. The full length glass windows are specially there for the View outside, which he has no time to see! Because he is a part of today’s CORPRATE CULTURE…

And that is why MY LIFE is a NIGHTMARE!

Amrish’s FAST food is always just an app away! It reaches within minutes, whether he has it at work or at home. Well, his wife is also a part of the CORPORATE WORLD you see, so many times it happens that she has No Time to Cook. Oh yes! He does Exercise, sometimes. He is always High on Stress & often doesn’t have Sound Sleep. Also, often enjoys Night-time Snacks and Desserts too!

Can you imagine what a mess I am in, in this scenario? I hear the siren of the Cardiac Ambulance announcing the arrival of new patients at the Corporate Hospital nearby. And every time that happens, a shiver rushes through my Chambers, wondering when I will be the VICTIM landing up in this Corporate Hospital.

HEART ATTACK:

The slow poisons that Amrish has been pushing into his System – frequent Junk Food intake, High Stress, Desk Job, Sedentary Lifestyle, Lack of enough Exercise – these all take a toll of my Coronary Arteries.

Deposits rich in oily lipids, cholesterol and other sticky glucose containing compounds (because he is a Diabetic too), build up in the inside of the walls of my Arteries waiting for a trigger to start a CYCLONE called a HEART ATTACK!

This happens when these deposits Block the Coronary Arteries or their branches partially or Completely, due to which sufficient Blood & Nutrition are unable to reach certain part of me (heart).

When this happens, Amrish may have severe Chest Pain, Sweating, Discomfort. Or he may even have Nausea and Pain in his Stomach which he mistakes for Acidity or Indigestion. He may have Pain in his Lower Jaw, which he mistakes as Tooth problem. He may even become pale and lose consciousness. And quite often, he may just DROP DOWN DEAD with a CARDIAC ARREST – Now what’s this ?? – READ BELOW..

CARDIAC ARREST:

My ELECTRICAL WIRING System also requires Energy Input (enough Blood & Nutrient supply) from the Coronary Arteries to work properly. With this Energy, it supplies an electric current to my Pumps and so they function. If there is BLOCKAGE in the Arteries of this Wiring, my Pumps do not work properly or they may even STOP functioning. Due to which Blood stops circulating properly through Amrish’s Body. He becomes pulseless and becomes unconscious. He may even die if he does not get medical help through immediate CPR and early “DEFIBRILLATION” (shock) to me so that my Electrical System can start functioning again properly, or at least enough to be able to Pump Blood.

HEART FAILURE:

This can happen to me in different ways.

It may so happen that Amrish survived a severe Heart Attack, but it caused damage to one of my chambers. (They are 4-the right & left atrium and left & right ventricle.) This damage gradually makes the pumping function of the particular chamber weak. And finally, its pumping activity becomes ineffective. It cannot pump out all Blood due to which some Blood may stay collected in the chamber. This can cause swelling in the feet or coughing with breathlessness, depending on which chamber is affected.

My chamber function may also get compromised when the valves that regulate the entry and exit of blood through each of my 4 chambers are diseased. Again the result is a weak pumping of Blood and its ineffective circulation. This condition is called HEART FAILURE.

When this happens, Amrish will have to gradually give up his activities as I have reached the point of no return. My spare parts are very often damaged beyond repair. But I can see him through a ripe old age if your physician peps me up with a variety of Medications.

So friends, take a stock of your HEART HEALTH status right away!

Do not get caught unaware with a HEART ATTACK, CARDIAC ARREST or a HEART FAILURE.

(Disclaimer: This information is Not intended as Medical Advice. Please see Consult your Doctor for your Health issues.)

Are You at a RISK of developing HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE (HBP) ?

HH- 6th July noteA certain amount of Pressure is needed for the Blood to Flow through our Body to all Body Organs & then Flow back to our Heart.

As explained in my previous Blog , the Pressure at which the Blood flows out of Heart to other Body Organs is Higher than the Pressure at which the Blood flows back to Heart.

The problem exists when these Pressures cross their Normal Levels on a constant basis – such a person is said to have High Blood Pressure (BP) or Hypertension.

There are various FACTORS that can Increase your RISK of Developing High BP or Hypertension, such as :

  • Being Overweight/Obese
  • Not Exercising enough
  • Having a Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Eating too much of High-fat & High-cholesterol Foods
  • Having Excessive Salt in your Diet
  • Habituated to Smoking or Exposed to Second-hand Smoke
  • Regularly Drinking too much Alcohol
  • Caused by a pre-existing Health problem like Structural Abnormality of the Aorta, Narrowed Heart Arteries, Kidney Abnormality, Sleep Apnea, etc.
  • Having Excessive/Continuous Stress
  • Having Family History of High BP
  • Ageing

These Factors, together with High BP, further Increase your Risk for HEART ATTACK, HEART DISEASE & STROKE.

So, now the question arises ‘How can we know if have High BP’?

Well, High BP is often known as a ‘Silent Killer’ because its Signs & Symptoms are NOT evidently visible i.e. something that you can Feel or Notice.

It is very much possible in case of some people that though their BP has reached Dangerously High Levels, they still have NO Signs or Symptoms.

A few people may have below Symptoms when their BP shoots up :

  • Headaches,
  • Shortness of Breath,
  • Dizziness or Nosebleeds

But since these Symptoms aren’t specific only to High BP, there are Chances they are Ignored or taken Lightly.

Hence, it is wise to have Your Blood Pressure Measured periodically :

  • At least TWICE a Year in Normal circumstances.
  • Once every Month if You HAVE High BP or fall under any of the Risk Factors for High BP (mentioned above).

CONSULT Your Doctor IMMEDIATELY if You have any of the Symptoms of High BP (mentioned above).

 

Why is having HIGH BP worrisome for your HEART ? Well here’s the WHY & HOW of it :

Blood Pressure (BP) is the pressure at which our Blood Flows in our Arteries i.e. the Blood Vessels that carry your Blood from our Heart to other Parts of our Body.

Certain amount of Pressure is Needed for the Blood to Flow through our Body & Back to our Heart.

Our Blood Flows OUT of our Heart at a Different Pressure than the Pressure at which it FILLS-BACK into our Heart :

  • As our Heart Ventricles (lower chambers) Contract to PUSH-out the Blood, the Pressure at which this Blood flows-out is known as SYSTOLIC – Normal is around 120 mm Hg.
  • As our Heart Ventricles Relax to REFILL with Blood, the Pressure at which this Blood flows-in is known as DIASTOLIC – Normal is around 80 mm Hg.

When these Pressures cross their Normal levels on a constant basis, the person is said to have High Blood Pressure (HBP) or Hypertension.

HH-1st July Blog

 HIGH BP places Higher workload on their Arteries (Blood Vessels), which can:

  • Speed-up the Hardening Process of the Arteries by making them to Lose their Elasticity from an Early Age.
  • Damage the Inner lining of Arteries that gradually turns into a Scar Tissue.
  • Cause Plaque Build-up inside the Arteries by Accumulation of materials circulating in Blood (Cholesterol, Platelets & Fats) in & near the Scar Tissue.
  • Slowly Narrow-down & Harden the Arteries by the Plaque Build-up inside the Arteries.
  • Put Extra Work on the Heart Ventricles (Lower Chambers) which makes their Walls to gradually Thicken & become Less Flexible.

These can Cause Fatal Heart & Artery-related Problems like Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Peripheral Artery Disease, Brain Stroke, etc.

So remember,

Healthy Blood Pressure Levels help to Keep your HEART HEALTHY!

HEALTHY HABITS for a HEALTHY HEART!

HEALTHY LIFESTYLE HABITS can help you to keep Yourself & Your HEART HEALTHY & PREVENT various Health Problems & Diseases, including Heart Disease & Stroke.

06 June 2017_HH-blog

Below are the Healthy Lifestyle Changes that you need to bring about in your lives to Keep your Heart Healthy & Prevent Health Problems :

  • Stay Physically Active & Exercise Regularly – Regular Cardiovascular Exercises & Staying Active can help to keep your Heart Strong & Healthy.
  • Eat Healthy Food like Fresh Fruits, Veggies, Whole Grains, Foods Low in Sodium, Saturated & Trans Fats, etc. – Foods rich in Minerals, Proteins, Whole Grains can help you to Control your Weight, Cholesterol, Blood Sugar and Blood Pressure.
  • Prefer Eating Small Food Portions at a time – It helps in proper Digestion of food & hence prevent putting on
  • Quit Smoking; try to stay away from Second-hand Smoke as well – Smoking is a high Risk factor that can lead to Heart Disease.
  • Work towards Losing Excess Weight – Obesity, especially in the Abdominal area, is a High Risk factor for Heart Disease & can also lead to development of other Risk factors like Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, etc.
  • Keep Your Blood Pressure, Cholesterol & Blood Sugar Levels under Control – these parameters, if not in control, can lead to Heart Diease in the long run.
  • Reduce & Manage your Stress – High Stress levels can lead to Increase in Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, Stress on Heart Muscles, which, in long run can affect your Heart & general Health.
  • Get good enough Sleep – Proper enough Sleep can help the Body & Heart to Relax & thus Relieve the Stress.
  • Go in for Regular Medical Check-ups – It can help to bring to your notice if your Health Parameters are in Control or they need any Treatment.
  • Increase your Awareness about Health Problems, their Symptoms, Treatment Options, etc. – It can help you to know about a problem at its start/initial stage & hence get proper Treatment for it in time.

Recognise Heart Attack “Warning Signs” as early as possible.. It can SAVE A LIFE !

Today, due to the Unhealthy Lifestyle, people are becoming highly vulnerable to Heart Attack.

  • 4 people die of Heart Attack every Minute in India & the age group is mainly between 30 & 50 years.
  • 25 % of Heart Attack Deaths occur in people less than 40 years of age.

This makes it highly IMPORTANT to Recognise the WARNING SIGNS of Heart Attack. can help to go for Right Treatment in the GOLDEN HOUR i.e. 60 minutes from the start of a HEART ATTACK, which can Prevent Permanent Heart Damage & also SAVE A LIFE :

03 June 2017_HH-blog

Below are the Warning Signs of a HEART ATTACK :

  • Discomfort/Heaviness in the front of the chest which may or may not subside with rest. (If it does not subside the danger is high.)
  • Pain that gets referred to the arm, hand or jaw. Sometimes even a toothache or throat pain may follow an attack.
  • Acidity or stomach discomfort that increases with exertion and does not subside with soda or antacids.
  • Breathlessness while walking and talking. Especially seen in diabetics and the elderly.
  • Unexplained “black outs”, light-headedness or dizziness (with or without Nausea)
  • Heavy sweating (even in cold)

These signs are a “Red Signal”, that should not be Ignored.

It’s Better to be SAFE than Sorry !

Always remember: Awareness and presence of mind are the “Wise Man’s” tools that spell LUCK & can also SAVE A LIFE !

Right Treatment in the GOLDEN HOUR can PREVENT Permanent Heart Damage !

“Luck only favours when Right Actions are taken while the Heart is under an Attack!”

The “attack” may be due to a block in the blood vessels called the coronary arteries, (blood vessels supplying nutrition to the Heart. OR it may be due to sudden tightening of a vessel, a condition called vasospasm. OR it may be the final result of years of smoking, which has made the blood vessels stiff and narrow.

But, whatever the reason may be, it can very much cause PERMANENT DAMAGE to the TISSUES OF THE HEART & the ultimate equation can even be “DEATH”.

The “GOOD NEWS” is that : if the blood supply is restored within 60 MINUTES – ONE HOUR, this tissue death can be prevented. Therefore it is very important for each and every one of us to know what to do and where to go in such a situation.

01 June 2017_HH-blog

Have you lost a close relative or friend suddenly, after a Heart attack? The person would have complained of “acidity” or some discomfort in the chest. It could have been passed off as “indigestion” and ignored. Finally, he may have collapsed in the middle of the night, rushed to the hospital, only to die even before receiving any treatment.

In fact this is what happens in 1 out of 5 patients!

On the other hand, we also hear about a friend or relative who was uneasy, but decided to go straight to a family physician. The doctor could have realised that the patient was having a Heart attack. He would have given the patient an “Aspirin” tablet to help reduce the block. Then he would have checked the pulse and blood pressure, and if they were normal, he would have also given a “Sorbitrate” tablet to increase the blood circulation. In the meantime, arrangements would have been made for an Ambulance, to rush the patient to a “proper” hospital. By “proper”, we mean that the hospital should have facilities for Angiography, Angioplasty and By Pass surgery. In the Emergency Ward, an ECG, Echocardiography and a blood test would be done. Following the necessary resuscitation protocol, your relative would have been given blood clot dissolving injections and taken for angiography. If required, angioplasty and stenting would be done to open the blocks. (Or the patient would have been advised to consider a By Pass surgery). To the relief of one and all, your relative would have returned to his/her daily routine within one week!

All this was possible, only because the Heart received Blood and Nutrition within the “Golden Hour”.